From the invention of the wheel in ancient history to modern drones, engineering constructions have provided vital pressure for the advancement of human technology. Noting the importance of engineers for the growth of nations, countries around the world are celebrating the day of the engineer.
While Russia celebrated it on December 22, Mexico on July 1 and Italy on June 15, India marked September 15 as National Engineer Day. This is due to appreciate the contributions of Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya who was born on September 15, 1861 in a town called Muddenahalli in Karnataka.
A Bharat Ratna scholar, Visvesvaraya studied the Bachelor of Arts (BA) at the University of Madras and pursued civil engineering at the Pune College of Science.
He then patented and installed an irrigation system with water valves in the Khadakvasla reservoir near Pune to increase the level of food supply and storage at the highest levels. It was also installed at the Gwalior Tigra Dam and the Krishnaraja Sagara Dam (KRS) in Mysuru, which created one of the largest deposits in Asia at the time.
Visvesvaraya was not only known for his contributions in the field of engineering, but also called “precursor of economic planning in India,” according to the Institution of Engineers India (IEI). He said he was best known for his keynote address “The Planned Economy for India and the Reconstruction of India,” which is the first of its kind to describe the country’s planning efforts.
In 1915, as Diwan of Mysore, he was appointed commander of the British British Empire by King George V. He received Bharat Ratna in 1955, became a member of the Institute of Civil Engineers of London before receiving a community of the Indian Institute of Science (IISC) Bangalore.
This eminent engineer died in 1962, leaving the world with his charitable contributions. Its monument is located in Muddenahalli, which is run by Visvesvaraya National Memorial Trust, as its name lives in several universities, including Visvesvaraya Technology University in Belagavi.